Category Archives: History

Why the resurrection myth is a patriarchal cop-out


There’s a well-worn joke about how Jesus could be Irish: 1. He lived at home until he was in his thirties. 2. His mother thought he was God. 3. He thought his mother was a virgin. It’s a universal joke in fact – many elements of it are transferable to other cultures. I’ve been thinking a lot about Jesus and the whole Jesus legend being taken as historical fact; the memes that are used stating that he was a radical non-violent revolutionary and considering the myth, the man and how, in an age of rising white Christian supremacy (the irony being, of course, that even Christ himself was not a Christian) he is, some 2,000 years after his death, he is being used to justify oppression. If we look at the Abrahamic religions – Judaism, Christianity and Islam – which are all interconnected, we can see that the deepest connection that they all have in their practical execution, is structural patriarchy. Not to condemn religions outright, as in my experience, as a religionist and non-religionist, patriarchy rather than religion, is the greatest issue facing the world today. And a big part of this issue, as a former Irish Catholic, is the issue of resurrection.

Let me clarify: it is not just the resurrection itself which is the issue. It is the concept of man dying for ‘all the sins of the world’. Now, while that was big of him, and, in a sense, a noble aim (if true), what it inherently implies is an abdication of responsibility on the part of some of the people(s) he was dying for, and too great an assumption of responsibility on the part of others. Having been brought up Catholic in Ireland, how it works in a practical sense is with the whole concept of confession.

‘Bless me Father for I have sinned. It’s a week since my last confession. I really coveted and was jealous of my brother’s/sister’s bike etc’

‘Say three Hail Marys and one Holy Father I absolve you in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit go and sin no more’.

‘Same time next week…’

Now, on the scale of innocence, what harm, might one say? Well, there’s a side concept of, rather than working through challenging emotions in a positive way, of guilt. Which,   from my observance, is a double-whammy when one is female. There’s a whole society  out there designed to make women feel guilty. Not married yet? What’s wrong with you? Can’t balance work, a family AND housework? What’s wrong with you? Not a perfect size 8/10/12 anymore and therefore not eye-candy for the male gaze? What’s wrong with you? ‘Became’ pregnant out of wedlock/raped/assaulted? WHAT’S WRONG WITH YOU?

There are so many contradictions within religions themselves, but the transference of blame onto the vulnerable seems particularly heinous in my view. The concept of someone dying for other people’s sins immediately infantilises everyone else, which is not a danger in and off itself, depending on how far it goes.  And therein lies the rub. I’ve had two situations in the past week happen to me personally which might demonstrate on a microcosmic level how insidious this abdication of responsibility is in an Abrahamic, patriarchal structure. One was when helping a relative to find work and suggesting that he might want to consider toning down his quasi-evangelical views, which have been problematic in other employments in the past. While he was wholly aware of this, he still managed to turn it into my problem: I was a ‘disappointment’ but he ‘forgave’ me. I naturally told him that I didn’t need to be patronised or forgiven for helping him find work and subsequently ended the conversation.

The second situation was while out at the theatre with a man who happened to have a spare ticket. Within 10 minutes he was telling me how unlucky he was in love, and how he always seemed to meet the ‘wrong ones’. Not to mention some other, more physical breaching of boundaries later, but I found it both sad and interesting that there was zero assumption of any kind of shared responsibility for the breakdown of his relationships. And to be fair, he was incredibly polite compared to other men I’ve heard talking about their female exes. ‘She was a psycho’; ‘a bitch’; ‘a slag’. Maybe there is no blame to apportion; however, it does seem to me to be a curiosity and major red-light if there is a pattern involved.

Again, on a microcosmic and personal level, this is relatively innocuous. What deeply concerns me now, however is that we seem to be in an age politically both of infantilism, misogyny aligned with complete abdication of responsibility. The trend is being set by the rise of the political man-baby, who whines and tweets like a bratty pre-schooler ‘IT’S NOT MY FAULT!’

In a so-called Christian country, based on the actual tangibilities of a single mother, a man who broke bread with thieves and lepers and prostitutes, we have the abdication of responsibility of the have-mores in Phariseean mode at the expense of the have-nots. The ridiculous concern about chocolate eggs over austerity cuts (And yes, the PM is a woman – out of some 29% in Parliament). We have a so-called Christian man in John Smith, who refuses to take responsibility for his abuse of young boys terrified by his messianic zeal. We have the all-too-familiar scenario in Ireland where the Church, while quietly paying hush money on the side, refuses to admit liability for widespread abuse of women and children. We have, in religious countries, scenarios where a woman can be raped brutally and the man get off virtually scot-free, as with Brock Turner; where a man can say ‘I fell and penetrated her by accident’ as Ehsan Abdulaziz claimed a little over a year ago; and yet, where women are prevented from having autonomy over their own bodies on religious grounds. Where are the men in this picture? No doubt in some confessional near you, being absolved of rapine and child abuse with a few Hail Marys’ and in the case of the clergy, a move to a new parish.

It is clear to me that religion has its limitations with regards to the development of emotional intelligence.  It has those limitations, in my observance, because of its close connections with, and reliance upon, the structure of patriarchy. It offers, at its best, a moral code and structure which helps some people to reconcile the very many challenges of living as a human being. This, I have no issue with. At its worst, however, it gives the adherent carte blanche to engage in acts of aggressive tribalism, and inhumane acts, be that the incarceration of women as slaves in the Magdalene laundries, racist attacks on people of different colour, gender, religion or sexual persuasion as with the worldwide rise of the KKK and the Knights Templar, the torture and imprisonment of gay men in Chechnya – the list could go on of the crimes perpetrated in the name of religion, washed clean by pious absolution and the transference of the sins of the world onto a single historical figure.

To me, religion is full of metaphors being treated as facts, and therein lies the problem. The very essence of the story of Christ is the acceptance of responsibility, towards ourselves and other people. The idea that one person can make a difference in the world and to those around them. I don’t believe the resurrection to be an actual one – it is the enlightenment that happens when one lives a life of accountability. We have little hard evidence of renewal after this life, but it is possible that we can renew ourselves and our world within this life, by being responsible for our own actions and emotions, good and bad, by being open and vulnerable in our interactions with others, by balancing all of the traits of yin and yang inherent but underused in most people and in our wider societies. After all, as the findings of Jacobovici and Barrie Wilson confirm, Jesus himself knew the importance of the Divine Feminine.



Silencing through space


When I was in my final year at university in Cork, I wanted to do a music technology module. To my chagrin, I was too late, and my only option was to do a self-taught module i.e. research something of interest and present it as a paper. Someone had posed the question as to why there were no female Mozarts, and that question niggled at me until it became too loud to ignore. I was presented with the perfect opportunity to allow myself some relief from that niggling; the result was a voyage of discovery through the social and educational oppression of women, since the year dot, really. The women that did manage to break through did in spite of society, and many without the educational access and advantages afforded to their male counterparts. The voyage eventually led to a radio series on RTÉ’s Lyric FM, which garnered Critics’ Choice from the Irish Times for its duration.

I was brought to mind of this by the petition launched by Jessy McCabe this week to demand that female composers be included in the A Level syllabus, and she posed some interesting questions: “How can we expect girls to aspire to be composers and musicians if they don’t have the opportunity to learn of any role models? How can we accept that the UK’s largest awarding body doesn’t adequately acknowledge the work of female musicians? Why are we limiting diversity in a subject which thrives on its astounding breadth?”

The fact of the matter is that music history (and Western Art Music history at that – it is one small area of music) is not the only area of history, and wider storytelling as a society where women’s endeavours have been cast aside. Harriet Beecher Stowe’s endeavours for the abolition of slavery are only rarely recalled, and mainly in reference to Abraham Lincoln, who ironically did not believe in abolition. Rosa Parks is remembered, but doesn’t evoke the same emotion historically as, let’s say, MLK or Malcolm X. Even in recent years, until he won Wimbledon, it was erroneously reported that Britain had not had a Wimbledon champion since Fred Perry, when in fact it had, in Virginia Wade.

A small example, but noteworthy in that the endeavours of women are not seen as important in the area of historical narrative, which, by no coincidence whatsoever, is dominated by men. Moreover, this view of the world is supported by the power prerogative  of men across the corporate world, political world and educational establishments from university onwards. It is no wonder then, that, given who controls the narrative, most people are kept largely ignorant of women’s achievements, many of them not inconsiderable given the societal adversity they face(d).

But there are a couple of key points which I believe need to be implemented on the road to true equality. First is the idea of non-appropriation. The amount of times that I’ve been in situations where I’ve offered an idea or an insight, only for it to be met with grand indifference until, a few moments later, a male appropriates it as his own and (almost universally) it has been treated as an original and brilliant thought. When that happens to you a number of times, there is a sense of one’s own invisibility that sets in, and an annoyance that one’s ideas are being falsely attributed to another, allied with a sense (dependent on the situation) of futility and helplessness in actually being able to address it (unless one is able to record every instance of one’s life, it is not feasible in real terms). Recently I’ve discussed this with other women across different sectors – all with the same experience. (It’s also outlined in an excellent article by Laura Bates of Everyday Sexism here:, which indicates in the wider sense, this is something that women confront on an almost daily basis).

Ultimately, all these roads lead to the idea of shared space. I’m always struck by this in a physical sense on the Tube, and amuse myself on an almost daily basis by taking a tally of man spreaders (For the man I saw recently on the Jubilee line whose spread occupied almost two seats – talk about letting it all hang out….) In all seriousness, until we address men’s insecurities (in a general sense) at the prospect of having to share their world and give equal physical and metaphorical space (and airtime) to women, we may always be fighting an uphill struggle on this front. The fact that online comment sections of newspapers like the Guardian have to exert stricter levels of moderation when the words ‘sexism’ or ‘feminism’ are used is a clue that there are a lot of men out there who feel threatened and do not want women’s voices to be heard.

In one sense, if men are that insecure as to feel threatened by another person’s opinion because of their gender, I’m inclined to ignore them and refer them to a good therapist to deal with their obvious mommy issues. However, the politic part of me has long recognised that it is in women’s interests to appeal to the many fair-minded men out there (and I believe they are in the increasingly vocal majority) who have been, till it was brought to their attention, largely unaware of how unfairly skewed narrative is in many areas in favour of the male. It is the case that people are largely unmotivated to affect change unless it directly impinges on them, and parallel to encouraging women to come forward and agitate and protest and petition and raise awareness of women’s stories and achievements, we must continue to encourage men to do the same. This is why I believe Jessy McCabe’s petition to be absolutely vital, timely and worthy of support (if you’d like to sign, you can do so here:

As I found out all those years ago in University College Cork, there is a wealth of untapped history out there. The more we uncover it, the more stories there are of human achievement to wonder at, recount and inspire. The more we uncover it, the more room there is in the history books, the more space is created for everyone, regardless of gender, to occupy.